But I have said these things to you, that when their hour comes you may remember that I told them to you. “I did not say these things to you from the beginning, because I was with you. But now I am going to him who sent me, and none of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’ But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you. (John 16:4-8, 10-13, 15 ESV)
(Beware: Rough-Cut Sermon Notes)
- Pentecostals focus on HS (Holy Spirit) gifts, tongues, and more, but they are not the most significant thing the HS does.
- He, The Holy Spirit (HS) is a person, and has a personality.
- Gen 1- The Spirit hoovered over the deep…
- All throughout the Old Testament (OT) one sees the empowerment of the HS.
- The HS empowers leaders, judges, Saul, David, prophets…etc. It’s all over the Bible.
- John 3:6 – Nicodemus – The HS draws people to Christ. 3:34 – HS given without measure.
- John 4:24 – Worship God in spirit and truth.
- John 7:38-39 – Rivers of living water…
- John 14:16 – The father will give you another helper…(HS)
- Again, Jesus is in the upper room, talking to the disciples, telling them what they need to know before he leaves them.
6 Incredible things the HS does:
1. He comes to help us 16:5 …:7 It is to your advantage that I go away.
If I go, I will send him to you.
- Only if Jesus goes away. If Jesus doesn’t leave the HS will not come.
- If Jesus is here we can get close to Jesus physically (physical proximity) but He won’t live inside us.
- 1 Cor 6:19 – Your body is (becomes) a temple of the HS who lives within you. You are not your own.
- The HS draws us to Christ. He draws unbelievers to Christ.
- :8 He will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin.
- The HS will convince the world of sin (not sin(s)/not individual failures – but the root “sin” issue that needs to be dealt with.)
- The HS will convince those who don’t know Christ of their need for Christ.
3. He convicts (convinces) believers of their righteousness in Christ
- :10 The HS comes to convince us of our standing with Christ.
- Our standing gives us confidence…there is no more condemnation in Christ.
- Accept the grace of God. Works will not make you feel better. If you are saved, you are already righteous.
- Have confidence and step out into the shoes of mission and ministry that God has prepared for you.
- Don’t stay in bondage to the sins (and lies) that Satan and his minions would like to twist you in knots over.
- The good news of the Gospel is: that all of our sins have been nailed to the cross.
- We are under grace, and not under the law.
- It is Christ’s perfect death that pays the price for our sin. Not our efforts.
- Rom 8:1 There is now no more condemnation.
4. He reminds us of Satan’s defeat
- 16:11 – The Cross is a victory for all mankind, for all time.
5. He guides us into all truth
- The HS can show us the way out.
- The HS steers us down the paths of our lives to avoid the entaglements and traps laid before us.
- When we study, (if we study) The HS will make scripture come alive to and in us.
- :12-13 – He will guide us into truth and what God has for us in the future. All that is to come. In our knowledge and in our living.
- 14:26 – He will teach you all things and help you remember that which is needed when it is needed.
- I Cor 2:9 – But God revealed these things to us by his Spirit. None have seen or heard. We can know the secrets of God through communion with the HS. It takes time, and commitment.
6. He glorifies Christ to us
- He declares all that is Christs to us 16:15.
- The problem for most of us is that we spend too much time looking in mirrors, rather than through the glasses of the HS.
- Behold the beauty and glory of Jesus.
- 2 Cor 3:18 – Behold the glory of God, with unveiled face. ( reference to the transformation of Moses in the OT. )
- When we are in the presence of the HS/Christ, we will be transformed into a radiant image of Christ that people around us will notice and be drawn to (creating opportunities for ministry if we don’t ignore them, or screw it up).
- The HS will make Jesus real to us as we become like Him.
Discussion Questions: For questions with multiple parts, find an answer to the first part before you read the next part to the group. These types of questions are designed to build on the answer of the previous part before moving on.
- In v.8 Jesus says the Holy Spirit will convict the world of its sin. What is the difference between conviction and condemnation? Have you ever struggled to recognize the difference in those? Explain. How can we differentiate between the voice of the Holy Spirit or and the voice of condemnation?
- Read vv.8-11. According to these verses, what is the work of the Holy Spirit in the lives of people? If God’s role is to convict the world of sin, what then is our responsibility when sharing the Gospel with the world? How does this liberate you to tell people about Jesus?
- In v.9 Jesus says “The world’s sin is that it refuses to believe in me” (NLT). Why is it often so hard for people to believe in Jesus? What do you think is the hardest thing for people to accept about Jesus? When you first became a Christian what was the hardest thing to accept about Jesus? What about Jesus do you currently struggle with the most to understand?
- Jesus said in v.10, “Righteousness is available because I go to the Father” (NLT). Read Romans 8:33-34 and Ephesians 1:19-22. According to these passages what does Jesus ascension to the Father mean for Christians? How do these verses give you strength and confidence as you walk with the Lord? Do you need to grow more in your understanding of Jesus as a powerful ruler seated at God’s right hand or an advocate pleading for us? Why?
- Jesus said in v.12, “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now” (ESV). Why do you think the disciples could not bear what Jesus had to say? Have you ever been challenged with something in your faith which you could hardly bear? How did that experience grow you?
- Read v.13. In this verse Jesus says the Holy Spirit will guide us in all truth. Tell of a time when you clearly felt God guide you in a specific situation. Have you ever had a time when you missed God in a situation? Explain. What was the difference between hearing God and not hearing His instruction was in those situations?
- In vv.13-14 Jesus says the Spirit will guide us and speak to us. As you’ve walked with God, what are some ways the Holy Spirit has spoken to you? What has been one of the most significant learning experiences where you’ve heard the Holy Spirit speak to you? When do you feel is it the hardest to hear His voice?